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Seroprevalence of foot and mouth disease in the wildlife-livestock interface and non-interface areas in Tanzania

1Daniel Mdetele*, 1Christopher Kassanga, 2,3Misago Seth and 4Kim Kayunze

1Sokoine University of Agriculture, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, P. O. Box 3015, Chuo Kikuu Morogoro, Tanzania; 2The Nelson Mandela African Institution of Science and Technology, School of Life Sciences and Bioengineering, P. O.Box 447, Arusha, Tanzania; 3 National Institute for Medical Research (NIMR), Tanga Medical Research Centre, P.O.Box 5004, Tanga, Tanzania; 4Sokoine University of Agriculture, Development Studies Institute (DSI), P. O. Box 3024, Chuo Kikuu Morogoro, Tanzania


A cross sectional study was conducted in the Serengeti ecosystem (wildlife-livestock interface) and central part of Tanzania (non-interface) area to determine the prevalence of foot and mouth disease (FMD) in Serengeti, Bunda, Kongwa and Iramba Districts. Seroprevalence investigation using 3ABC–ELISA technique indicated that the overall prevalence of antibodies against FMD virus was 66.3%. Significantly high prevalence was recorded in wildlife-livestock interface areas (71.5%) compared to non-interface areas (61.0%). District-wise, higher prevalence was recorded in Kongwa district (89.0%) followed by Serengeti (78.0%), Bunda (65.0%) and Iramba (33.0%). Species-wise, higher prevalence was found in bovines (69.8%), ovines (52.4%) and caprines (11.1%). From various risk factors, ecosystem distribution (X2 = 4.9308, p = 0.0264) and species distribution (X2 = 28.3236, P = 0.0001), the results indicated that FMD is highly prevalent in wildlife-livestock interface areas than in non-interface areas. However, uncontrolled livestock movement in Kongwa District resulted into much higher FMD prevalence than in districts where there is wildlife-livestock interface. The presence of antibodies against FMD virus in species other than cattle revealed that there is a need to consider other species in planning for FMD control.

Keywords: Interface; seroprevalence; foot and mouth disease
To cite this article: Mdetele D, C Kassanga, M Seth and K Kayunze, 2014. Seroprevalence of foot and mouth disease in the wildlife-livestock interface and non-interface areas in Tanzania. Res. Opin. Anim. Vet. Sci., 4(4): 208-211.

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